Edinburgh 1544 Townscape
digital reconstruction is the first to be created of early sixteenth-century Edinburgh and is based on a drawing from 1544 (the earliest relatively realistic depiction of the capital). The reconstruction gives an overview of the townscape of the sixteenth-century burgh, with a particular focus on the Royal Mile – the historic spine of Edinburgh.
Holyrood Palace - 1544
The abbey of Holyrood was founded in the twelfth century. During the late Middle Ages the monastery’s guest house gradually evolved into a royal residence. In the early 1500s King James IV ordered the creation of a new palace next to the original religious buildings. His son, James V (the father of Mary Queen of Scots), continued the building work, creating an impressive Renaissance residence.
During the 19th century the village of Helmsdale in Sutherland was one of the largest centres for herring fishing in Scotland. The village and harbour were built around 1818 as part of efforts at economic development by the Sutherland Estate. The new fishing port was intended to provide employment and housing for families who had been forcibly driven out from farms in the Kildonan area during the Highland clearances.
Caen Highland Township - 1813
During the 18th and 19th centuries the inhabitants of many small farming communities in the Scottish Highlands were forced to leave their homes. Caen located in the lower part of the Strath of Kildonan was cleared particularly brutally by the Duke of Sutherland. This reconstruction shows the Caen township as it may have looked in 1813, just before the families who lived and worked here were forced out from the Strath of Kildonan.
Iron Age Kildonan
This reconstruction shows how roundhouses near Caen in the Strath of Kildonan may have looked about 2000 years ago. The dwellings are set within a wider landscape, which was already profoundly shaped by human activity. Partial deforestation, and the impact of growing crops and grazing animals, made this Iron Age environment far from its original wild state.
Skriðuklaustur Medieval Augustinian Monastery
The Skriðuklaustur cloister was the last one to be founded during Iceland’s Catholic period, i.e. shortly before the country’s 16th-century Reformation. This digital reconstruction shows the monastery at Skriðuklaustur just before its closure in the 1550s. Both the exterior and interior have been reconstructed, revealing the probable appearance of spaces such as the dormitory, infirmary, kitchen, store-rooms, chapter-house and church.